The Global Compact for Migration is adopted

Published Date: 
Friday, January 11, 2019

The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) was adopted in Marrakech, Mororoco, on 10 December by 165 UN Member States.  

“Migration is the great issue of our era,” said IOM’s Director General António Vitorino and “the adoption of the Compact by an overwhelming majority of UN Member States should lead to a more balanced discourse, better policies and more widespread cooperation on migration.”  

Nearly 60 side events took place during the weekend (8–9 December) before the intergovernmental conference where the Global Compact for Migration was adopted.  These were organized independently by governments, civil society and international organizations.  

Frank Laczko, Director of IOM’s GMDAC, spoke at two high-level panels on 9 December: 

1. The side event “A global programme to improve the collection and use of migration data” discussed the critical role of data in implementing the Compact and shared good practices to improve the collection and use of migration data. Dr. Laczko highlighted the potential of using big data and other innovative sources to study migration issues. With just one year in operation, the Global Migration Data Portal was mentioned as a good practice of knowledge sharing and cooperation.  

Panellists included representatives from the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC), the African Union Commission (AUC), Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA). Ms. Mariana Kotzeva, Director-General of the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), and Ms. Amira Elfadil, Commissioner for Social Affairs of the AUC, chaired the session. 

The edited volume of the “Data Bulletin Series: Informing the Implementation of the Global Compact for Migration” was launched during the side event. It contains 17 Data Bulletins produced by IOM as well as external experts and partner agencies.   

2. The side event “Journeys of Uncertainty Missing Migrants and their families” looked at actions and good practices which governments could use to address Objective 8 of the Compact, which commits States to save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants. Dr. Laczko spoke about the Missing Migrant Project’s work to collect and analyse data on ongoing incidents involving migrant deaths or disappearances. The side event was organized by the International Commission of the Red Cross (ICRC). 

Data are a very prominent part of the GCM. Objective 1 of the GCM begins with a commitment to “collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies”. The GCM also highlights the importance of having good migration data to promote a “well-informed public discourse” and for “effective monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of commitments over time.” A new section in the Global Migration Data Portal presents existing information and resources organized by each of the 23 GCM objectives.