Migration and Risks

Risk-taking is inherent to migration. Leaving one’s home has inevitably something of venturing into unknown territory. The home one leaves can be inhospitable, yet it is a familiar place. A host country can seem a heaven from afar, yet a newcomer with no full citizenship rights may find it a hard place. Economic theories place risktaking at the centre of the decision to migrate. Whether they expect to earn a higher income on the condition that they find employment at destination or their household follows a strategy of diversifying sources of income to reduce the probability of not earning a sufficient livelihood, migrants – whether consciously or not – incorporate a risk calculation into their decisions to move. While in the first instance migrants seeking international protection obey a non-economic rationality, they also follow a risk-reduction strategy: as difficult as it might be, forced migration takes place once staying at home has become the worst choice.

  • Section 2 | Introduction

  • Chapter 11 | Challenges on migration routes within West and Central Africa

    Verena Sattler and Harry Cook (IOM MPA)
  • Chapter 12 | “No one talks about what it’s really like” - Risks faced by migrants in the Sahara Desert

    Julia Black (IOM´s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre)
  • Chapter 13 | Overview of migrants in vulnerable situations assisted in the transit centres, the Niger

    Lorelle Yuen (IOM Niger)
  • Chapter 14 | What makes refugees and migrants vulnerable to protection incidents in Libya? A micro-level study on the determinants of vulnerability

    Simon Nissling and Ana-Maria Murphy-Teixidor (Mixed Migration Centre)
  • Chapter 15 | Vulnerability to exploitation and abuse along the Mediterranean migration routes to Italy

    Laura Bartolini (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, Italy) and Ivona Zakoska-Todorovska (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, Regional Office, Vienna)
  • Interview | Interview with Michele Levoy, Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants

  • Chapter 16 | Over troubled waters: Maritime rescue operations in the Central Mediterranean

    Eugenio Cusumano (European University Institute and Leiden University) and Matteo Villa (Italian Institute for International Political Studies)
  • Chapter 17 | Migration and risks: Smuggling networks and dynamics on the Central Mediterranean Route

    Ana-Maria Murphy-Teixidor, Ayla Bonfiglio and Vanessa Leigh (Mixed Migration Centre)
  • Chapter 18 | Migrant smuggling in the Libyan context: Re-examining the evidence

    Gabriella Sanchez (European University Institute)
  • Chapter 19 | Irregular migration and vulnerability of Ivorian women returnees 

    Aude Nanquette (IOM Côte d’Ivoire)
  • Chapter 20 | Health information management in the context of forced migration in Europe

    various authors