Migration and Development

The relationship between migration and development is complex. While rich regions tend to attract immigrants, the poorest regions are not those with the highest emigration. Indeed, individuals need to own a certain degree of resources to finance international migration and a certain level of education to access labour markets in countries of destination. The short-term impact of economic growth in poor areas is generally an increase in emigration (de Haas, 2007). Second, migration is a potential driver of development both in destination and origin countries. Migrants bring their productive contribution to the economy at destination. They remit money and ideas that are resources for families and communities in countries of origin. Moreover, social capital can be expanded through migration and transnational connections between places of origin and destination, connecting distant regions and communities. However, some questions arise with regard to migration in North and West Africa, and along the CMR.

  • Section 3 | Introduction

  • Chapter 21 | Migration across West Africa: development-related aspects

    Peter Quartey, Cynthia Addoquaye Tagoe (University of Ghana) and Mary Boatemaa Setrana (University of Johannesburg and University of Ghana)
  • Chapter 22 | Senegalese migratory strategies: adapting to changing socioeconomic conditions in the long term

    Hamidou Dia (Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD) et Université de Paris)
  • Interview | Interview with Michael Adekeye, Nigerians in Diaspora Organisation Europe

  • Chapter 23 | The development Impact of the “gold rushes” in Mali and Burkina-Faso: the multifaceted effects of migration on artisanal gold mining sites

    Bérénice Boukare (IOM Regional Office, Dakar)
  • Chapter 24 | Labour migration dynamics in Libya

    Emma Borgnäs (IOM Global Migration Data Analysis Centre), Linda Cottone and Tassilo Teppert (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, Libya)
  • Chapter 25 | What are the future climate scenarios in Northern and Western Africa?

    Benjamin Sultan (University of Montpellier, Research Institute for Development, University of Guyane,University of La Réunion, University of Antilles, University of Avignon)
  • Chapter 26 | Migration induced by climate change and environmental degradation in the Central Mediterranean Route     

    Barbara Bendandi (United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification) 
  • Chapter 27 | Towards the successful reintegration of returned migrants: IOM Niger’s trainings for migrants in transit

    Lorelle Yuen (IOM Niger)
  • Chapter 28 | Returning migrants: from disillusion to integration initiatives in the South-East, North and Central regions of Senegal

    Aly Tandian (Observatoire Sénégalais des Migrations, Gaston Berger University of Saint-Louis du Sénégal)
  • Chapter 29 | Operationalising an integrated approach to reintegration (ORION)

    Joy Paone (IOM Department of Migration Management)