Irregular Migration and Human Smuggling Networks in Mali
In 2016, an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 migrants transited through Mali on their way to Algeria and Libya. One major dilemma facing Policy makers that want to stop irregular Migration through Mali is that state authorities are either complicit in Migration, such as by providing migrants free passage in exchange for a toll at roadblocks or by issuing false passports, or that they lack the effective presence and/or capacity to counter human Smuggling. This problem is particularly salient in the north, where armed groups have taken over territorial control and offer Protection to, and feed off, the human Smuggling industry. At the time of writing, a solution to the internal conflict appears to lie in the distant future, meaning that addressing the issue of irregular Migration remains one of the lowest priorities on the government’s agenda. Regaining political stability is its number one concern.