Crossing borders in the next 15 years: How should and will border management develop?
Border management is a complex and challenging field, whose aims
are as varied as they are vital. In a world where passenger numbers
are increasing, large numbers of goods are crossing borders and
serious security issues have arisen, border management is tasked with
contributing to a high level of security and facilitating legitimate crossborder
flows (of both people and goods). In recent years, the large-scale
collection of information and the implementation of technology for border
management tasks have been key developments aimed at supporting
these goals. At the same time, these developments have elicited
challenges from fundamental rights defenders who have outlined the
potential ways such information could be misused or lead to detrimental
consequences on fundamental rights. Moreover, the impact of forced
displacement and the knock-on effects large-scale flows had on the EU
(especially on the integrity of the Schengen area) have underlined how
such a crisis can reverberate from a border management issue across
other policy areas and into the political arena.
As such, border management has been and will continue to be a
touchstone in a debate on how to equally ensure both security needs
and fundamental rights. This policy brief outlines the main issues that
have arisen in this debate, and provides a number of potential policy
options for future border management strategies. While this brief is
based on information collected in the European context, the findings can
be applied at a global scale.