Children and unsafe migration in Europe: Data and policy, understanding the evidence base
This briefing reviews the sources and availability of data on refugee and migrant children arriving in Europe by sea. It finds that variance in policy and practice across European Union Member States results in stark differences in how and when children are recorded, including whether they are considered “accompanied” or “unaccompanied”. Methodologies used to determine age, and how this information is used, also differ from State to State, as do the rights to protection that children receive. The Annex sets out the different definitions used to categorize child migrants and refugees across international and European publications and conventions and a comparison of available data sources on unaccompanied minors.