The Push and Pull Factors of Asylum-Related Migration: A Literature Review

The UN Migration Agency (IOM)’s Data Analysis Centre and Maastricht University (Maastricht Graduate School of Governance/UNU-MERIT) recently released a literature review on the Push and Pull Factors of Asylum-Related Migration. The report was commissioned by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) as part of their multi-annual research programme.

Based on a detailed analysis of about 150 pieces of selected academic and non-academic literature, the report provides a comprehensive review of the literature examining factors that influence migration trends, the decisions of migrants to leave their countries of origin, and to claim asylum in the European Union (EU), within a traditional “push/pull framework”. This framework views human mobility as the result of specific factors that either attract an individual to migration (pull factors) or that repel the individual from continued stay in his/her place of usual residence (push factors).

An online database containing more than 300 resources – including empirical and theoretical studies, as well as reports – was produced as part of the review and can be downloaded here.

Click here to download the report or view below: