Irregular maritime migration to Europe, contrary to popular conceptions, is less an issue of migrant arrivals and is rather a challenge of humanitarian dimensions. This background paper provides context on the main maritime routes to Europe, describing the three main trans-Mediterranean routes in brief before describing key trends on the overseas route to the Canary Islands.
IOM has developed a comprehensive strategy – the Migration Data Strategy – to frame, focus and further amplify its existing robust engagement on the issue of data.
Migration Policy Practice (Vol. XI, Number 1, January–February 2021) Special Issue on Global Mobility 2021
Looking to 2021, with the pandemic far from receding, and with lingering unknowns about the efficiency and equity of the unfolding vaccination efforts, it appeared fitting for Migration Policy Practice (MPP) to reflect on some of the key COVID-19-related and non-COVID-19-related features of international migration in the past year and to anticipate key global mobility trends in 2021.
This special issue of Migration Policy Practice discusses global migration forecasting, which was the topic of the 2020 Austrian European Migration Network (EMN) Conference, organized in partnership with the Austrian Ministry of the Interior and IOM GMDAC.
Assessing the effectiveness of online Facebook campaigns targeting potential irregular migrants: A pilot study in three West African countries
Studies have shown that many irregular migrants embark on journeys without accurate or complete information about migration. IOM and other organizations run information campaigns intended to educate potential migrants of the dangers of irregular migration. The use of online social media platforms for these campaigns has become popular due to their potential to reach millions of people and at low cost. This report presents results from a pilot impact assessment of an online campaign based on Facebook posts in September 2019 and February 2020.
IOM Ireland carried out a rapid policy survey in May 2020 in partnership with the Irish Department of Justice and Equality with the objective of gaining a comprehensive view of policy measures which were taken in Ireland in response to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) from a migration governance lens. This report examines the extent to which migrants and asylum seekers in Ireland were included in the Government of Ireland’s policy responses to COVID-19 from a migration governance lens.
Discussions around migration in West and North Africa and across the Mediterranean are often riddled with misconceptions and partial representations of a complex reality. This edited volume provides a comprehensive, fact-based account of migration from and within West and North Africa and across the Mediterranean over the past two years, with the aim of promoting more coherent, forward-looking and sustainable policy approaches, in line with the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
There is increasing policy interest in the European Union to better plan and prepare for future migration flows. This is reflected in the growing number of reports that use expert knowledge to anticipate migration trends and develop migration scenarios. This report examines the potential and limitations of using expert opinion to predict future migration.
The Future of Migration to Europe: A systematic review of the literature on migration scenarios and forecasts
This report presents the results of a systematic literature review of migration forecasts and scenarios. It presents key definitions, methods and common lessons from the available evidence in this field.
Many migrants are misinformed about the risks of irregular migration and often rely on migrant smugglers who spread inaccurate information for monetary gain. This study examines the effects of the CinemArena campaign in Guinea.