Axel Kreienbrink is Sub-diector of the Research Centre on Migration, Integration and Asylum at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees in Nuremberg (Germany). After graduating in History and Political Science he obtained his PhD in Migration Research at the University of Osnabrück. He entered the Federal Office in 2005 and became Head of Unit in 2007. His research topics cover international migration, irregular migration, return migration, migration and development, Muslims in Germany, demographic aspects of migration, and research for the European Migration Network (EMN). He has several publications on migration history and migration policy in Germany, Spain and Europe, see: